Integrating Children's Oral Health in WIC

Oral Health in WIC Pilot Activity

DID YOU KNOW?

Despite having oral health coverage, less than 40% of Medicaid-eligible children had any dental visit in 2013.

WIC (Women, Infants, and Children) programs are a well-known and trusted community resource, providing services to families with young children, the underserved, and vulnerable populations that are likely to have high dental disease rates and lack access to preventive oral health services.

Timeliness is a key factor when considering the delivery of oral health counseling and preventive services, and WIC clinics encounter pregnant women and very young children at opportune times when families are open to counseling and can receive services before the onset of disease. Thus, their public health nutrition mission includes oral health education to WIC families and referrals to dental services.

The Pilot

From February through December 2016, Altarum Institute partnered with Michigan WIC, McMillen Health, and Delta Dental Foundation to implement a WIC-oral health pilot project in urban Detroit. Staff in 5 of the busiest WIC clinics in Michigan (who see about 10% of the state's WIC participation of children and infants) received training to integrate oral health education and dental referrals into the nutrition education provided to mothers with young children. In these visits, families received oral health education appropriate to their child's age and resources (toothbrush, floss, etc.) as well as a referral to a dentist based on zip code.

The Impact

  • Oral health education and dental referrals integrated into WIC visits clinics who serve ~23,000 infants and children and their families
  • WIC staff demonstrated an increase in knowledge regarding the recommended age for a child's first dental visit (from 43% to 95%)
  • There was an increase in comfort level among WIC staff discussing dental issues (from 36% to 86%)
  • Approximately 1,900 dental home referrals were made among the Year 1 pilot clinics, predominately for 1- and 2-year olds

Pilot Expansion: Year 2 WIC BRUSH

Driven by this quick and early success, Delta Dental Foundation has funded an expansion of this pilot to an additional 16 clinics in Detroit, outer Wayne County, Kent County, and Oakland County, while continuing to support the five clinics from the initial pilot year. The Year 2 WIC pilot expansion clinics will include an additional 20% of the state's WIC participation, making our expected impact of a 2-year pilot significant in its reach among children and infants.

The WIC BRUSH pilot is a partnership activity of Michigan WIC, McMillen Health, Altarum Institute's Michigan Caries Prevention Program, and Delta Dental Foundation. BRUSH training and resources are developed by McMillen Health, funding provided by Delta Dental Foundation.